Important Climbs and Events
  • May 29, 1953: First Summit: Tenzing Norgay & Sir Edmund Percival Hillary (New Zealand) via the South-East Ridge Route. (Western Cwm, Lhotse face to the South-East ridge.)
  • May 25, 1960: Chinese team makes first Summit of Everest via the North Ridge.
  • May 22, 1963: The first ascent of the Everest West Ridge, actually the West Ridge/North Face by Willi Unsoeld and Tom Hornbein. Also the first traverse as they descended the South East Ridge/ South Col.
  • 1975: Japanese Ladies Expedition led by Mrs Eiko Hisana. On May 16 Junko Tabei of Japan became the first woman to reach the summit via the South-East Ridge.
  • September 24, 1975: Dougal Haston and Doug Scott Summit via the South west face.
  • May 8, 1978: First Ascent without bottled oxygen: Peter Habeler (Austria) and Reinhold Messner (Italy) 5/8/78 via the South-East Ridge
  • 1978: The first European woman and the third woman to summit Everest, Wanda Rutkiewicz, reaches the top. Wanda goes on to become known as the greatest woman climber ever.
  • May 13, 1979: Andrej Stremfelj and Jernej Zaplotnik reached the Summit via the true West ridge and descend via the Hornbein Couloir.
  • February 17, 1980: First Winter ascent Krzysztof Wielicki (Poland)
  • May 10, 1980: Tsuneoh Shigehiro and Takashi Ozaki made the first full ascent of the North Face (Japanese Couloir to the Hornbein Couloir) of Everest.
  • May 19, 1980: Jerzy Kukuczka and Andrzej Czok followed the South Pillar on on the right hand edge of the Southwest Face.
  • August 20, 1980: Solo: Reinhold Messner (Italy) 8/20/80 via the North Col to the North Face and the Great Couloir. He climbed for three days entirely alone from his base camp at 6500 meters without the use of artificial oxygen via the North Col/North Face route.
  • May 4, 1982: 11 Russia climbers reached the Summit via the South West Pillar left of the Great Central Gully on the Southwest Face.
  • October 8, 1983: Lou Reichardt, Kim Momb, and Carlos Buhler reached the Summit via the East or Kangshung face.
  • October 3, 1984: Australians Tim Macartney-Snape and Greg Mortimer reached the Summit via the North Couloir (North Face to Norton Couloir) without bottled oxygen.
  • May 20, 1986: Canadian Sharon Wood became the first North American woman to Summit Everest and climbed the new route of the west Shoulder from the Rongbuk Glacier and continued on to the Summit via the Hornbein Couloir.
  • May 12, 1988: British Stephen Venables, climbed a line to the left of the 1983 Kangshung Face route. Actually the East Face-South Col-SE Ridge. Venables was the only member of the expedition to reach the Summit.
  • April 23, 1993: The first Nepalese woman, Pasang Lhamu Sherpa, summits Everest but dies descending from the Summit
  • May 11th, 1995: The first ascent of the Northeast Ridge on May 11th, completed by Kiyoshi Furuno (Japan), Shigeki Imoto (Japan), Dawa Tshering Sherpa, Pasang Sherpa, and Nima Sherpa.
  • May 20, 1996: The first ascent of the North-Northeast couloir by Peter Kuznetzov, Valeri Kohanov and Grigori Semikolenkov.
  • 1996: With the start of commercial expeditions, 15 die on Everest, the most in a single year.
  • 1996: Ang Rita Sherpa (born 1947), Summits Everest for the 10th time. (1983,1984,1985,1987,1988,1990,1992,1993,1995,and 1996 all ascents without bottled oxygen.)
  • 1999: George Mallory's body is found by and expedition lead by Eric Simonson. The mystery remains unanswered.
  • 1999: The National Geographic Society revised the elevation of Everest to 29,035 feet (8850 meters). Nepal does not accept the revised elevation.
  • 2003: Apa Sherpa Summits Everest for a record 13th time.
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